The Passover – Matthew 26:17-35 – Bible Study Notes

This is the day before Jesus would be crucified. 

1. What is Jesus getting at in the first three verses? What’s the key point?

He knows what’s going to happen. This was part of God’s plan. 

2. What’s significant about the Passover meal?

Celebrated each year as the Jewish people remembered how God spared them and saved them in Egypt.

It involved bread and four cups of wine. First being Kaddish – ‘to sanctify’, second being the cup of remembrance. Third is the one Jesus held up – cup of salvation. Fourth at the end, one would say ‘next year in Jerusalem’. Jesus didn’t as he said he’d drink it in his Father’s kingdom. 

3. How did the disciples respond? Either in first three verses or after Jesus said one would betray him.

They were sad. None of them thought they could be the one. 

4. Why do you think Judas betrayed Jesus?

  • Possibly money. 
  • It would force Jesus to assert his true power and overthrow the Romans. 
  • He thought Jesus was a false Messiah.
  • He was upset about Jesus’ casual attitude towards the law. 

5. How might we be like Judas?

We can want to force Jesus’ hand on something.

6. How might we be like Peter?

We can miss the point. Proud disciples always mess up. 

7. What can we learn from all this? How can we be different? What’s Matthew’s point?

Jesus is the only way. He is the Passover lamb. We need a lamb who dies instead of us. He is our substitute.

The Parable of the Talents – Matthew 25:14-30 – Bible Study Notes

1. What’s one of the main themes in Jesus’ teaching about his return?

Time. His return won’t be immediate but after much trouble. 

2. What are the two references to time in this parable?

The master stayed away for a long time and the faithful servants went immediately to work.

A talent was a measurement of weight so it didn’t have a constant value. People reckon that today, a talent is equivalent to 20 years’ wages.

3. Look at verse 29. How is it that the one ‘who has not’ has something taken away?

The one who has his master’s money but made no profit. The third servant has no gain to give his master so his talent is taken away and given to the one who did make a profit. 

4. How are the first two servants rewarded by their master?

  • They’re commended. “Well done, good and faithful servant.”
  • They’re given greater responsibilities. 
  • They’re invited to “enter into the joy of your master”. 

5. What does this mean and how does it compare with the response in verse 30?

Enjoying the bliss of heaven. Eternity without God and without joy.  

6. What’s at the heart of the third servant’s problem?

His view of his master and the work he has assigned. The word ‘hard’ is far from flattering.  

7. Do you think it’s harsh for God to expect a profit from us?

God expects us to grow over a period of time. He rejoices in it and is displeased when we fail to grow. 

8. How can we be more profitable spiritually?

Bringing glory to God is profitable. Exaltation. Evangelism. 

Works are the result of faith, not a substitute for faith. Works are fruits that are evidence of true faith. Works that make a profit for the kingdom are the basis for our rewards.